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Detail of Sol LeWitt’s “Wall Drawing #1237, Scribbles (BKSR).” First installation: Steve Reich and Beryl Korot residence, Pound Ridge, New York, May 2007. graphite. 9 x 7 ft (274.3 x 213.4 cm).

Sol LeWitt’s final Wall Drawings were the Scribbles. Grand and dignified in their dramatic transitions from light to dark and dark to light, the series is a contemplative meditation on the playful scribble motif. Inspired by the illusion of whiteness caused by light hitting a hard, shiny surface and composed of undulating loops of graphite organized into six degrees of density, the drawings contain a gradual flow of tone from bright white to black.

Throughout his life, LeWitt gifted wall drawings to friends and institutions of particular import, occasionally allowing them to choose. The composer Steve Reich, one recipient, selected Wall Drawing #1237, a previously unexecuted Scribbles. The wall drawing was installed in the home of Reich and Beryl Korot in the weeks following LeWitt’s death and served as a memorial to the artist and their friendship. 

Slideshow

Sol LeWitt’s “Wall Drawing #1237, Scribbles (BKSR).” First installation: Steve Reich and Beryl Korot residence, Pound Ridge, New York, May 2007. graphite. 9 x 7 ft (274.3 x 213.4 cm).

Sol LeWitt
Wall Drawing #1237, Scribbles (BKSR)

First drawn by: Takeshi Arita, Gabriel Hurier

First installation: Steve Reich and Beryl Korot residence, Pound Ridge, New York, May 2007
graphite
9 x 7 ft. (274.3 x 213.4 cm)

Sol LeWitt  Wall Drawing #1237, Scribbles (BKSR) (detail)  First installation: Steve Reich and Beryl Korot residence, Pound Ridge, New York, May 2007  graphite  9 x 7 ft. (274.3 x 213.4 cm)

Sol LeWitt

Wall Drawing #1237, Scribbles (BKSR) (detail)

First drawn by: Takeshi Arita, Gabriel Hurier

First installation: Steve Reich and Beryl Korot residence, Pound Ridge, New York, May 2007

graphite

9 x 7 ft. (274.3 x 213.4 cm)

Sol LeWitt  Wall Drawing #1237, Scribbles (BKSR) (detail)  First installation: Steve Reich and Beryl Korot residence, Pound Ridge, New York, May 2007  graphite  9 x 7 ft. (274.3 x 213.4 cm)

Sol LeWitt

Wall Drawing #1237, Scribbles (BKSR) (detail)

First drawn by: Takeshi Arita, Gabriel Hurier

First installation: Steve Reich and Beryl Korot residence, Pound Ridge, New York, May 2007

graphite

9 x 7 ft. (274.3 x 213.4 cm)

Sol LeWitt  Wall Drawing #1237, Scribbles (BKSR) (detail)  First installation: Steve Reich and Beryl Korot residence, Pound Ridge, New York, May 2007  graphite  9 x 7 ft. (274.3 x 213.4 cm)

Sol LeWitt

Wall Drawing #1237, Scribbles (BKSR) (detail)

First drawn by: Takeshi Arita, Gabriel Hurier

First installation: Steve Reich and Beryl Korot residence, Pound Ridge, New York, May 2007

graphite

9 x 7 ft. (274.3 x 213.4 cm)

Sol LeWitt, Wall Drawing #1237, Scribbles (BKSR) (detail)

Sol LeWitt

Wall Drawing #1237, Scribbles (BKSR) (detail)

First drawn by: Takeshi Arita, Gabriel Hurier

First installation: Steve Reich and Beryl Korot residence, Pound Ridge, New York, May 2007

graphite

9 x 7 ft. (274.3 x 213.4 cm)

Diagram for Wall Drawing #1237, Scribbles (BKSR).

Diagram for Wall Drawing #1237, Scribbles (BKSR).

Reich first saw LeWitt’s work in Primary Structures, a seminal exhibition of minimal art organized by Kynaston McShine that took place at the Jewish Museum in 1965. Reich visited LeWitt’s studio shortly after. In 1970, LeWitt approached Reich with an unusual request: to purchase one of the composer’s musical scores. Reich acquiesced, sold LeWitt the score for Four Organs (1970), and used the money to buy the four glockenspiels he used to play Drumming (1970-71). These instruments––and the score, which remains in the collection of the late artist’s estate––are additional mementos of the extended collaboration between the two artists.

Wall Drawing #1237 is strikingly simple: one of a handful of Scribbles wall drawings that extend from the floor to the ceiling, it contains a single vertical strip of white centered between two masses of markings. Seen up close the graphite shimmers, drawing attention to the smooth surface of the wall, momentarily disrupting the spatial illusion created by the chiaroscuro.

A diagram for the rise and fall of each curve was used to structure the space on the wall before the scribbling began, and drafters of Scribbles have described how these wall drawings are particularly exhausting to execute. But understanding the labor does nothing to detract from the anthropomorphic effect of the wall drawing, installed between two windows at the scale of the human body. For Reich, it is no stretch of the imagination to see the opening as a view into another world, a world where LeWitt might be. 

Slideshow 2

Sol LeWitt  Wall Drawing #1247, Scribbles 7 (PW)  First drawn by: Chip Allen, Takeshi Arita, Andrew Colbert, Sarah Heinemann, John Hogan, Gabriel Hurier, Sara Krugman, Roland Lusk, Anthony Sansotta, Michael Benjamin Vedder  First installation: PaceWildenstein, New York, August 2007

Sol LeWitt

Wall Drawing #1247, Scribbles 7 (PW) 

First drawn by: Chip Allen, Takeshi Arita, Andrew Colbert, Sarah Heinemann, John Hogan, Gabriel Hurier, Sara Krugman, Roland Lusk, Anthony Sansotta, Michael Benjamin Vedder

First installation: New York, August 2007

SFMOMA installation drawn by: Roland Lusk and Jesse Schlesinger 

graphite

The Doris and Donald Fisher Collection at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

Sol LeWitt  Wall Drawing #1247, Scribbles 7 (PW)  First drawn by: Chip Allen, Takeshi Arita, Andrew Colbert, Sarah Heinemann, John Hogan, Gabriel Hurier, Sara Krugman, Roland Lusk, Anthony Sansotta, Michael Benjamin Vedder  First installation: PaceWildenstein, New York, August 2007

Sol LeWitt

Wall Drawing #1247, Scribbles 7 (PW)

First drawn by: Chip Allen, Takeshi Arita, Andrew Colbert, Sarah Heinemann, John Hogan, Gabriel Hurier, Sara Krugman, Roland Lusk, Anthony Sansotta, Michael Benjamin Vedder

First installation: New York, August 2007

SFMOMA installation drawn by: Roland Lusk and Jesse Schlesinger 

graphite

The Doris and Donald Fisher Collection at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

Sol LeWitt, Wall Drawing #1247, Scribbles 7 (PW) (detail)

Sol LeWitt

Wall Drawing #1247, Scribbles 7 (PW) (detail)

First drawn by: Chip Allen, Takeshi Arita, Andrew Colbert, Sarah Heinemann, John Hogan, Gabriel Hurier, Sara Krugman, Roland Lusk, Anthony Sansotta, Michael Benjamin Vedder

First installation: New York, August 2007

SFMOMA installation drawn by: Roland Lusk and Jesse Schlesinger 

graphite

The Doris and Donald Fisher Collection at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

Installation view of Sol LeWitt's Wall Drawing #1187, Scribbles: Curves at MoMA, New York.

Sol LeWitt

Wall Drawing #1187, Scribbles: Curves

First drawn by: Rachela Abbate, Asmir Ademagic, Marco Bertozzi, Elisa Canducci, Alessandra Frisan, Elena Latini, Viviana Longo, Benito Mangone, Anthony Sansotta, Maria Lucrezia Schiavarelli, Francesca Simeone, Alessio Tugnoli, Simone Vagnetti
First installation: Bologna, Italy, October 2005

graphite

The Museum of Modern Art, New York

Sol LeWitt, Wall Drawing #1187, Scribbles: Curves

Sol LeWitt

Wall Drawing #1187, Scribbles: Curves

First drawn by: Rachela Abbate, Asmir Ademagic, Marco Bertozzi, Elisa Canducci, Alessandra Frisan, Elena Latini, Viviana Longo, Benito Mangone, Anthony Sansotta, Maria Lucrezia Schiavarelli, Francesca Simeone, Alessio Tugnoli, Simone Vagnetti
First installation: Bologna, Italy, October 2005

graphite

The Museum of Modern Art, New York

Wall drawings from the Scribbles series are in the collections of many public institutions. The Scribbles in the collection of the The Museum of Modern Art, New York, and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art are illustrated above. 

Scribbles are also owned by the National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., the Art Institute of Chicago, the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, the Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin College, Ohio, the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, and the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven. International collections with Scribbles include the Collection Bonnefantenmuseum, Maastricht, the Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, the MAXXI Museo nazionale delle arti del XXI secolo, Rome, and the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney.

Footnotes

All images © 2020 The LeWitt Estate / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.

Photo credit for Wall Drawing #1247: Katherine du Tiel, Courtesy San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.

Photo credit for Wall Drawing #1187: John Wronn, Digital image © The Museum of Modern Art / Licensed by SCALA / Art Resource, New York.